International commerce
The foreign trade section presents indicators referring to foreign trade, detailing the values and quantities of rice imports and exports over the year, as well as the destination or origin countries of these. The section consists of two parts:
  1. Indicators : Presents indicators on rice foreign trade for selected countries
    1. Value of imports and value of exports : Time series of the value of rice imports in relation to the value of exports. Annual aggregate values for all destination/origin countries as appropriate.
    2. Quantity of imports and quantity of exports : Time series of the quantity of rice imported in relation to the quantity of rice exported. Annual aggregate values for all destination/origin countries as appropriate.
    3. Balance of rice supply at the national level : Total quantity of white rice marketed at the national level. This value is composed of the quantity produced, quantity exported and quantity imported.
    4. Value of rice exports and imports in relation to total food and beverage exports : Ratio of the total value of rice imports/exports to the total value of food and beverage exports/imports for a given year.
  2. Trade flow: Trade flow: This tool presents in detail the flow of rice exports and imports for a given year, detailing the destinations or origins as appropriate, as well as the quantity and value for a selected year. This flow also allows disaggregating values and quantities according to the tariff item group of rice (Paddy, brown, white and broken rice) to which it refers.
    To use the tool, you can select different filters described below:
    1. Country : Country from which you want to view the information collected.
    2. Concept : Exports/imports of rice.
    3. Element: : Quantity / value of the selected concept.
    4. Level : European Union rice tariff sub-item group (1006). In this case you can select for rice in general (Rice) or according to type of rice.
    5. Product : Enabled by selecting 'Rice type' in the level filter. The four groups correspond to the European Union tariff classification subheadings Paddy Rice (1006 10), Brown Rice (1006 20), White Rice (1006 30), and Broken Rice (1006 40). For more information on the tariff classification of rice according to sub-heading, please refer to the following link:
    6. Year : Year for which you want to visualize the information collected
    You can also select in the map legend filters to categorize the destinations according to ranges of quantity values or reported values as appropriate. Also, the map results will be reflected in an area graph, where each destination/origin country is represented proportionally to the value or quantity of the selected flow.

In the time series of the national rice supply balance, significant differences are observed between the periods from 1961 to 2013 and 2014 to 2017. This is due to differences in the methodology used for the calculation of food balance sheets from FAO. Through the food balance sheets, FAO estimates the quantities of food produced, imported and exported; as well as its different uses within the respective national territories. As of 2014, FAO changed the methodology for estimating these indicators, resulting in significant changes in the temporal trend of the indicators, which is why the values can vary significantly between time periods, as well as from other reference sources on rice consumption at the national level. For more information, you can visit the metadata section of the new FAO Food Balance Sheets.

Values and quantities referring to re-exports (when a good is imported to be exported) and re-imports (when a good that has been exported is imported again); as well as quantities destined or coming from free zones, overseas territories, ships, airplanes and other destinations or origins that do not correspond to a specified country within the map were reassigned within a single category called Non-Specified Geographical Area (NES Area, by its Spanish Acronym).

All import values are expressed in CIF values and exports in FOB values. Quantities of rice are expressed in white rice equivalent for the case of the aggregate tariff heading, while the quantities according to sub-heading are expressed in relation to the rice indicated in that heading (paddy, brown, white, or broken)..

Bibliographic references
Trade - Latin American & Caribbean
Data Sources:
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Trade flow - Country selected

Data Sources:
  • ITC. (2020). Trade Map—Estadísticas de comercio internacional para el desarrollo de los negocios. International Trade Centre.
  • UN Comtrade. (2019). Base de datos de estadísticas de comercio internacional. United Nations International Trade Statistics Database.